Joshua A. Fishman
"Sociology of language" is the name that has recently been given to the renewed scholarly interest in the social or societal aspects of language behavior.
Man is constantly using language -- spoken language, written language, printed language -- and man is constantly linked to others via shared norms of behavior. The sociology of language examines the interaction between these two aspects of human behavior: use of language and the social organization of behavior. Briefly put, the sociology of language focuses upon the entire gamut of topics related to the social organization of language behavior, including not only language usage per se but also language attitudes and overt behaviors toward language and toward language users.
Overt behavior toward language and toward language users is a concern shared by political and educational leaders in many parts of the world and is an aspect of the sociology of language that frequently makes headlines in the newspapers. Many French-Canadian university students oppose the continuation of public education in English in the Province of Quebec. Many