Storytellers, Saints, and Scoundrels: Folk Narrative in Hindu Religious Teaching

By Kirin Narayan | Go to book overview

Notes

Introduction
I am not alone in recognizing the importance of narrative in the transmission of Hinduism. To introduce key Hindu concepts to non-Hindus, textual versions of narratives used to instruct children and adults have been assembled with commentaries by several scholars. These include Amore and Shinn ( 1981); Coomaraswamy and Nivedita ( 1913); Dimmitt and van Buitenen ( 1978); Kirk ( 1972); R. K. Narayan ( 1964). Folk narratives -- loosely termed "myths" -- have also provided background material for studies of Hindu culture and personality, as in Kakar ( 1981); Spratt ( 1966). For narrative as an illustration of the Hindu world view, see Ramanujan ( 1982, 1983); O'Flaherty ( 1973, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1985); Zimmer ( 1946).
Unlike other authors, I use "story" and "narrative" interchangeably; story does not just refer to an underlying abstract sequence of events which manifests through telling in discourse. See Chatman ( 1978); Gennette ( 1980).
Aung ( 1966).
Fabian ( 1977).
Mintz ( 1968).
Tubach ( 1962, 1979); Welter ( 1927); for the Jewish exempla tradition, see Gaster ( 1924).
Rosenberg ( 1970).
The term "tool-box approach" is borrowed from O'Flaherty ( 1980), pp. 5-7, who in turn cites Daniel ( 1983).
For more on "native" anthropologists see Fahim, ed. ( 1982); Kondo ( 1986); Nakhleh ( 1979); Ohnuki-Tierney ( 1984); Srinivas ( 1967).
See for example Griaule ( 1965); Price ( 1983); Stoller ( 1987).
For key works on experimentation in ethnographic writing, see Clifford( 1983); Clifford and Marcus, eds. ( 1986); Dwyer ( 1983); Marcus and Cushman ( 1982); Marcus and Fisher ( 1986).

Chapter One: There's Always a Reason
Much of this background on Nasik is from the Maharashtra State Gazetteer: Nasik District ( 1975), pp. 917-73.
See Bakhtin ( 1981) on heteroglossia.
On darshan see Babb ( 1981) and Eck ( 1981).

-255-

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Storytellers, Saints, and Scoundrels: Folk Narrative in Hindu Religious Teaching
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • A Note on Transliteration xi
  • Introduction 2
  • I - Orientations 13
  • 1. There's Always a Reason 16
  • 2. Lives and Stories 37
  • 3. Sādhus 63
  • 4 - The Listeners 88
  • II - Storytelling Occasions 111
  • 5. Loincloths and Celibacy 113
  • 6. False Gurus and Gullible Disciples 132
  • 7. Death and Laughter 160
  • 8. Heaven and Hell 189
  • 9. The Divine Storyteller 208
  • III - Conclusions 229
  • 10. The World of the Stories 231
  • 11. Storytelling as Religious Teaching 242
  • Epilogue 248
  • Appendix I: Glossary of Commonly Used Hindi Terms 251
  • Appendix II: Map of India 253
  • Notes 255
  • Index 283
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