DISINTEGRATION AND DEADLOCK
In June, 1916, two presidential nominating conventions were held simultaneously in Chicago. The Coliseum was the scene of the Republican convention, while a smaller Progressive convention was housed in the auditorium adjoining the old Congress Hotel.
Despite disavowals of his candidacy, Charles Evans Hughes was the leading contender for the Republican nomination. The Old Guard would have preferred to nominate conservative Elihu Root of New York, but even they realized it would be politically expedient to nominate Hughes. The tall, distinguished New Yorker had compiled an excellent record as his state's chief executive. He had gained national fame in 1905 as a result of his investigation and exposure of lax management in the great insurance companies of New York.1 Resigning the governorship in 1910, he had become an associate justice of the Supreme Court, where he was still serving in 1916. Hughes had won a place of leadership among the liberal minority of the