Philosophy and the American School: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education

By Van Cleve Morris | Go to book overview

CHAPTER FIVE
Epistemology: The Question of Truth and Knowledge

KNOWLEDGE AND THE SCHOOL

We come now to our second major set of problems in the study of philosophy, those that cluster about the seminal question: What is true? If our first consideration, comprising Part II, had to do with the ontological question, "What is?," we must turn now to the more immediate concern of determining what precisely we can say about that which is; that is, we are required to pay attention to what we say about reality as well as what we assume reality to be. And as we pass into this second set of problems, we come much closer to the concrete work of the school, i.e., the work, basically, of saying things about (describing and explaining) the world to neophyte inhabitants of it.

This second set of problems represents all of the questions we have concerning knowledge: how knowing takes place, how we know that we know, how we decide between competing "candidates" for knowledge (what to do, for instance, with the Biblical versus the Darwinian version of Genesis), how we decide what knowledge is most worth having,1and

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1
This is also an axiological (value) question, with referents in Part IV. Knowing is one thing; ordering our "knowings" in a hierarchy is another. At least we can say

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