Landlords and Tenants in Mid-Victorian Ireland

By W. E. Vaughan | Go to book overview

APPENDIX 18
Expenditure on Nine Estates, 1850-1880

Expenditure on taxes, etc. is given as a percentage of rent receipts. It is an exaggeration to say that every set of estate accounts should be treated as sui generis; but naturally methods of book-keeping varied considerably and the headings of expenditure varied as well; Lord Erne, for example, counted curates' salaries as part of his expenditure on tithe rentcharge. The definition of improvements and interest also varied from estate to estate.

More difficult, perhaps, is the propriety of counting certain items as proper charges against the receipts on a particular estate; Lord Erne included the upkeep of Crom in his Fermanagh accounts, although strictly speaking it should have been set against the income from all his estates since he did not maintain a house elsewhere. Some improvements were made on the demesne farms and ideally should be counted not just against rent receipts but against farm income.

The absence of an item does not mean that it did not exist; there is no charge for a house on Sir George Hodson's Cavan estate, nor was there a charge for interest; that does not mean that Sir George was an unencumbered absentee -- it simply means that he lived on his Wicklow estate. The following, therefore, is too much a series of discrete vignettes to be reduced to uniformity, tempting though it is to summarize them; its strength is that these were the items of expenditure that landlords and agents usually set against their rent receipts.

A dash (--) indicates that comparable information is not available.

1850s 1860s 1870s 1851-1880
ASHTOWN
Taxes 13 10 8 10
Management 6 5 5 5
Improvements 18 14 8 13
CLONBROCK
Taxes 19 13 -- 16
Management 4 5 -- 5
Improvements 10 11 -- 11
Interest 1 2 -- 2
House 15 17 -- 16
CROFTON
Taxes 16 14 13 14
Improvements 21 10 12 14
Interest 29 40 48 39
House 19 20 13 17

-277-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Landlords and Tenants in Mid-Victorian Ireland
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 348

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.