complaint only as a "weekly," presumably from somewhere in southern Illinois.
Why? Because the Times, according to sources at Columbia University
who do not wish to be further identified, controls the Pulitzer process. It
intervenes directly only when major institutional interests are at stake, as
in the Halberstam and Salisbury cases, and is content to sprinkle around
awards to other major dailies -- even to its last direct competitor in New
York -- as an aristocratic beneficence. Thus, the Army Times criticism of the
award was as much an embarrassment to the New York Times, the power
behind the Pulitzer scene, as it was to Newsday.
From Grenada to the Sloyan Pulitzer, nothing has gone right for the press
in its relationship to the U.S. military, but the name of that disaster is not Grenada, or Panama, or the Gulf War. It is Vietnam, and it is the result of
the press's refusal to frankly assess its own role both in creating that catastrophe and in using Harry Summers's On Strategy to avoid making the
James Reston, "The End of the Tunnel", (Op Ed), New York Times, 30 April 1975.
U.S. Department of the Army, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans, "Study Directive: Strategic Lessons Learned in Vietnam", 18
Louis G. Michael,
Edward A. Partain, and
Sidney R. Steele
, "News Coverage of the Tet Offensive" (Research paper, U.S. Army War
College, Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 25 March 1969).
William V. Kennedy, "Press Coverage of the War in Vietnam: The Third
View", U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, 25 May 1979.
This was published initially as a War College document and later, in 1983,
under commercial imprint by
Presidio, San Francisco.
Burns W. Roper, "What Public Opinion Polls Said", Big Story, vol. 1 ( Boulder,
Colo.: Westview, 1977), 674-704.
William C. Westmoreland, conversation with author, Carlisle Barracks, Pa., 1978.
Arthur A. Humphries, "Two Routes to the Wrong Destination: Public Affairs
in the South Atlantic War", Naval War College Review ( May-June 1983): 56-71
Richard M. Clurman, "The Media Learn a Lesson" (Op-Ed), New York Times, 2 December 1983.
Jonathan Friendly, "Joint Chiefs Plan New Press Policy", New York Times, 2 February 1984, p. A7.