The Redistributive Effects of Social Democracy: A Chronology of Comparative Quantitative Studies
Frank Parkin, Class Inequality and Political Order( London, Palladin, 1972). Greater social mobility and meritocratic education policies under social democratic governments, but not greater equality of condition.
Robert W. Jackman, Politics and Social Equality: A Comparative Analysis( New York, John Wiley, 1975). The egalitarian tendencies in the distribution of resources are due to economic growth and its consequences on market forces, and are not derived from politics.
Richard Scase, Social Democracy in Capitalist Society( London, Croom Helm, 1977). Neither greater mobility nor income equality, but greater educational opportunities under social democratic governments.
Christopher Hewitt, "The Effect of Political Democracy and Social Democracy on Equality in Industrial Societies", American Sociological Review, 42( 1977). Not greater educational opportunities, but greater income redistribution under social democracy.
Douglas A. Hibbs, "Political Parties and Macroeconomic Policy", American Political Science Review, 71( 1977). Less unemployment under social democratic governments.
Francis G. Castles, The Social Democratic Image of Society( London, Routledge, 1978). Higher fiscal revenues and greater expenditure on education under social democratic governments.
John Dryzeck, "Politics, Economics, and Inequality: A Cross-National Analysis", European Journal of Political Research, 6( 1978). Lesser income concentration in the case of social democratic governments.
Edward Tufte, Political Control of the Economy( Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1978). Greater redistribution through social democratic fiscal policies.
David R. Cameron, "The Expansion of the Public Economy: A Comparative Analysis", American Political Science Review, 72( 1978). Greater public expenditure under social democratic governments.
Francis G. Castles and Robert D. Mackinlay, "Does Politics Matter? An Analysis of the Public Welfare Commitment in Advanced Democratic States", European Journal of Political Research, 7( 1979). Greater welfare expenditure under social democracy.