This book is the result of an intense collaboration among three scholars from several core public policy disciplines: Alan Rugman of management studies and economics; John Kirton of political science and international relations; and Julie Soloway of law and regulation. Our collaboration had its origins in our shared research interest arising from earlier work related to trade-environment issues. Alan Rugman's was inspired by his analyses of how protectionist firms in the United States captured the administration of the antidumping and countervailing duty process to deny Canadian firms the entry they needed to the market on which their corporate fortunes depended. John Kirton's arose from his study of the role of international institutions in the management of the Canada-US relationship and of how environmental considerations could best be inserted into the free trade agreements--NAFTA, the WTO, APEC, and the FTAA--that Canada, the United States, and Mexico were negotiating in the 1990s. Julie Soloway's emerged from her analysis of NAFTA's environmental effects and the quality of dispute settlement under international trade law within NAFTA and the WTO.
In all cases our scholarly interest was reinforced by our role as advisers to firms, governments, and international organizations on how managers and policymakers could act more effectively to meet the challenges of a rapidly changing world. Kirton and Rugman served as successive members of the government of Canada's International Trade Advisory Committee during the time the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement and NAFTA were being negotiated and implemented. They worked with Soloway on three major projects for the NAFTA Commission for Environmental Cooperation. Rugman and Kirton acted as consultants for major North American and international corporations, adding a sensitivity to the practical, policy-oriented implications of their analysis for business, government, and NGO practitioners.
These interests led us to initiate, in April of 1997, a three-year project on 'Trade, Environmental Regulations and Canadian Competitiveness', with the financial support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, through their programme on 'Managing for Global Competitiveness'. To assist this project we assembled an advisory group of senior individuals from the business, government, and NGO sectors: John Howard, Senior Vice- President, MacMillan Bloedel; David Winfield, Senior Vice-President, Northern Telecom; Someshwar Rao, Director, Industry Canada; Sarah Richardson, Trade-Environment Program Manager, Commission for Environmental Cooperation; Michael Cloghesy, Centre Patronal de l'Énvironnement du Quebec; and Ken Ogilvie, Executive Director, Pollution Probe. We are grateful to the SSHRC for their indispensable financial support under award 804-97-0005