Red Star East: The Armed Forces of Russia in Asia

By Greg Austin; Alexey D. Muraviev | Go to book overview

4
Strategic policy in the Asia-Pacific

If the western and southern neighbourhoods of Russia after 1991 have presented it with a wide a variety of strategic difficulties and foreign policy challenges, many of which remain in complex evolution, the eastern neighbourhood of Russia has been, by contrast, seen as full of strategic opportunity, foreign policy successes and resolution of long-standing disputes. When the first Foreign Minister of new Russia, Andrei Kozyrev, laid out the country's foreign policy for international observers in Foreign Affairs in 1992, he said that Russia's reforms were the only guarantee for its status as a great ('but normal') power in Eurasia-European, Asian, Siberian and Far Eastern. He foreshadowed an 'active Eastern policy', where he saw prospects for cooperation and reduction of tensions as considerable. 1 A senior Russian scholar has observed that Russia should pursue a 'pre-eminent' status on the Pacific Rim as a 'strategic alternative to exclusive reliance upon integration into Western economic and security structures'. 2 The Asia-Pacific region is seen as the main hope for Russia to invigorate its mineral exports from the resource-rich areas east of the Urals. 3 Lieutenant-Genera Leonid Ivashov in early 1997 expressed concerns about Russia's passiveness in the Asia-Pacific region and underlined the importance of greater active engagement in its affairs:

Russia, busy resolving its own problems and sorting things out with the West, has so far made no attempts to participate in the development of a collective security policy for the Asia-Pacific region and took no part in the competition for its arms markets . . . Sooner or later, Russia will have to do so because in the 21st century, Russia's economic interests will begin to shift from the West to the East for objective reasons rather than the desires or reluctance of its presidents, parties and governments.

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Red Star East: The Armed Forces of Russia in Asia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • The Armed Forces of Asia ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Maps, Tables and Figures viii
  • About the Authors x
  • Preface xii
  • Acknowledgements xv
  • Note on Transliteration of Russian and Citation of Sources xvi
  • 1 - Russia: Rebuilding the State, Reconstituting the Nation 1
  • Conclusion 37
  • 2 - Russia East of the Ural Mountains 39
  • Conclusion 60
  • 3 - National Strategic Policy 62
  • Conclusion 93
  • 4 - Strategic Policy in the Asia-Pacific 96
  • Conclusion 128
  • 5 - Military Doctrine and Force Posture 130
  • Conclusion 180
  • 6 - Nuclear Forces 182
  • Conclusion 202
  • 7 - Naval Forces 204
  • Conclusion 232
  • 8 - Air Forces 234
  • Conclusion 254
  • 9 - Ground Forces 257
  • Conclusion 286
  • 10 - Military Industry and Regional Arms Sales 287
  • Conclusion 312
  • Conclusion 314
  • Appendix 319
  • Notes 323
  • Bibliography 380
  • Index 389
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