cluded that "You must also have a learning mind, or all your other minds would be empty."
Anderson, J. R. ( 1983). The architecture of cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bamberger, H. J. ( 1985). "The effect of LOGO (turtle graphics) on the problem solving strategies used by fourth grade children". Dissertation Abstracts International, 46, 918A. (University Microfilms No. DA8512171)
Baron, J. ( 1982). "Personality and intelligence". In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of human intelligence (pp. 308-351). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Carmichael, H. W., Burnett, J. D., Higginson, W. C., Moore, B. G., & Pollard, P. J. ( 1985). Computers, children and classrooms: A multisite evaluation of the creative use of microcomputers by elementary school children. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Ministry of Education.
Carver, S. M., & Klahr, D. ( 1986). "Assessing children's LOGO debugging skills with a formal model". The Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2, 487-525.
Clements, D. H. ( 1983/ 1984). "Supporting young children's LOGO programming". The Computing Teacher, 11( 5), 24-30.
Clements, D. H. ( 1986a). "Effects of LOGO and CAI environments on cognition and creativity". Journal of Educational Psychology, 78, 309-318.
Clements, D. H. ( 1986b). "LOGO and cognition: A theoretical foundation". Computers in Human Behavior, 2, 95-110.
Clements, D. H. ( 1987). "Longitudinal study of the effects of LOGO programming on cognitive abilities and achievement". Journal of Educational Computing Research, 3, 73-94.
Clements, D. H., & Gullo, D. F. ( 1984). "Effects of computer programming on young children's cognition". Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 1051-1058.
Clements, D. H., & Nastasi, B. K. ( 1988). "Social and cognitive interactions in educational computer environments". American Educational Research Journal, 25, 87-106.
Degelman, D., Free, J. V., Scarlato, M., Blackburn, J. M., & Golden, T. ( 1986). "Concept learning in preschool children: Effects of a short-term LOGO experience". Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2( 2), 199-205.
Dvarskas, D. P. ( 1984). "The effects of introductory computer programming lessons on the learners' ability to analyze mathematical word problems". Dissertation Abstracts International, 44, 2665A. (University Microfilms No. DA8400949)
Dytman, J. A., Peverly, S., & Wang, M. C. ( 1985, April). An investigation of the role of the learner in LOGO learning environments. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.
Findlayson, H. M. ( 1984). The transfer of mathematical problem solving skills ftom LOGO experience. D.A.I. Research Paper No. 238. University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Flavell, J. H. ( 1981). "Cognitive monitoring". In W. P. Dickson (Ed.), Children's oral communication skills (pp. 35-60). New York: Academic Press.
Gaffney, C. R. ( 1985). "Computer languages: Tools for problem-solving?" Dissertation Abstracts International, 45, 3097B. (University Microfilms No. DA8426831)
Gorman, H., Jr., & Bourne, L. E., Jr. ( 1983). "Learning to think by learning LOGO: Rule learning in third-grade computer programmers". Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 21, 165-167.
Hlawati, B. ( 1985). Effects of LOGO and problem-solving CAI on the cognitive processes of gifted children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Kent State University, Kent, OH.
Horton, J., & Ryba, K. ( 1986). "Assessing learning with LOGO: A pilot study". The Computing Teacher, 14( 1), 24-28.