Robert W. Swezey InterScience America, Inc. Leesburg, VA. USA
Various researchers ( Swezey and Salas, 1992; Ilgen, 1999) have decried the lack of performance measurement technologies capable of dealing with the complex interrelationships that occur in teamwork situations. A common paradigm for team assessment research (e.g., Lassiter, Vaughn, Smaltz, Morgan and Salas, 1990) involves the use of simulations, often with highly scripted scenarios and off-the-shelf software. In general, simulations have provided a useful context for assessing team performance and for evaluating training interventions. However, it is often problematic to extend the simulation, measurement, and evaluation frameworks used in many of these studies to the actual assessment of teams. For this purpose therefore, a series of efforts to develop a Team Performance Assessment Simulation (TPAS) technology have recently been undertaken ( Swezey, Streufert, Satish and Siem, 1998).
The TPAS is a first generation version of a computer-based simulation which provides real-time assessment of team performance in a complex decision making and problem solving environment. The TPAS system is designed as a suite of interrelated programs allowing for: tailored scenario design (Scenario