Human-Computer Interaction: Communication, Cooperation, and Application Design

By Hans-Jörg Bullinger; Jürgen Ziegler | Go to book overview

Results of Experiments in Text-based, Synchronous, Distributed, Formal Electronic Meetings

Gitesh K. Raikundalia

SoMIT, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2457, Australia.


1 Introduction

Text-based interaction has been found widely in computer-supported collaboration over the years. The familiar chat tools (e.g., Chatplanet) and MUDs (e.g., Evard 1993) are examples of such interaction. Text has its strengths in such interaction, such as permanence and readability, yet has shortcomings for which other media, such as video, are indicated as alternatives or used in addition to text.

This research has investigated the use of text in formal, synchronous, distributed, electronic meetings. The results reported in this paper concern the viability and practice of such meetings, and are not found elsewhere in literature. The results for meeting practice are not intended to only be applied to a text-only meeting, but may be applied in a multimsedia-based meeting where text is used as a significant aspect of communication. The lessons learnt from this research are re-useable in design of meeting tools or conduct of meetings using text significantly.

Figure 1 shows how a meeting is conducted using a document manager (on the left-hand side) and a text-based discussion tool (right-hand side). These tools are Logan ( Raikundalia and Rees 1996) and Yarn ( Reeset al 1993), respectively. Participants discuss agenda items using Yarn while viewing documents using Web-based Logan developed by the author. The meetings each consist of five phases: the pre-meeting, in-meeting and post-meeting phases where the in- meeting phase itself is composed of startup, discussion and windup phases.

Before findings from experiments may be discussed, the experimental method used in series of meetings is covered.

-507-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Human-Computer Interaction: Communication, Cooperation, and Application Design
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 1364

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.