|b. ||Triumph of nationalism over democracy in German Empire, 1871- 1918.|
|c. ||Wars, or sometimes less extreme appeals to nationalism, occasionally used by statesmen in past to prevent democratic
revolution or lessen opposition to autocracy--Russia; Louis
J. PROPAGANDA AND NATIONALISM. (Note: Propaganda is used in a broad
sense, with no derogatory implication.)
References:-- * Krehbiel, Nationalism, War, and Society
, 13, 242
-9. Scott, Patriots in the Making
. Reisner, Nationalism and Education
. Stewart and
Desjardins, French Patriotism
. Demartial, La Guerre de
, Comment on mobilisa les consciences
. Also references for Part 9,
|1. ||Importance of popular education in teaching patriotism.|
|2. ||Influence of press in arousing national feeling.|
|3. ||Patriotic societies such as German Navy League, Pan-German League, National Security League, D. A. R., etc.|
|4. ||Army and navy officers as advocates of nationalism.|
|5. ||Political leaders as spokesmen of nationalism.|
K. WAR AND NATIONALISM.
References:-- * Novicow
. # Krehbiel
, ch. ii. Other general references
above, and Part 4, below.
|1. ||Nationalism most intense in war, or in danger of war.|
|2. ||Nationalism stimulated by war.|
|3. ||Hence, war an important element in nationalism.|
L. PROBLEM FOR DISCUSSION: Is nationalism based upon any one, or several,
or all, of above-mentioned elements?
III. NATIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION AS A
CAUSE OF CONFLICT
General references:-- * Hayes and
Moon, Modern History
, ch. xx.
# Duggan, League of Nations
, ch. ix. Bowman, The New World
, passim. E. Wittmann, Past and Future of the Right of National Self-Determination
. Wambaugh, Monograph on Plebiscites
. Also general references for
A. MEANING OF NATIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION.
B. HISTORIC INSTANCES.
|1. ||Dutch War of independence, 16th century.|
|2. ||American War of independence.|
|3. ||Revolt and independence of Belgium, 1830.|
|4. ||German struggle for national unity and independence, 1813-71.|
|5. ||Liberation and unification of Italy, 1859-71.|
|6. ||Independence of Norway, 1905.|
|7. ||Self-determination of Balkan nations.|