|5.||Hope of Triple Alliance (as shown in additional protocol to Triple Alliance Treaty of 1912) to gain England's support of Triple Alliance policy regarding northern Africa.|
|6.||Confidence of Triple Entente regarding Italy's unwillingness to fight against France, as shown in secret conversations between French president and Russian ambassador in Paris, 1912.|
References:--Brief general accounts in English: * Gooch, ch. xvi (one of the best). * Hayes, II (rev. ed.), 711-8 (best short textbook account), and article in "These Eventful Years", I, ch. v (best summary in light of recent evidence). # G. P. Gooch, "Recent Revelations on European Diplomacy", in Journal of British Institute, Jan. 1923. # H. E. Barnes, "Assessing the Blame for the World War", in Current History, May 1924 able survey of new data), and discussion by various contributors in Current History, June 1924. # S. B. Fay, "New Light on the Origin of the War", Amer. Hist. Review, July and Oct. 1920, and Jan. 1921 (scholarly discussion chiefly of German and Austrian documents). B. Schmitt, "Triple Alliance and Triple Entente", in Amer. Hist. Review, Apr. 1924 (critical discussion of recent evidence). # C. A. Beard, Cross-Currents, chs. i-iii (able interpretation). F. Neilson, How Diplomats Make War and Duty to Civilization (brief assaults on wartime versions). Older versions, which may be significantly compared with present views: Seymour, chs. xi-xii. O. P. Chitwood, Immediate Causes of the Great War. It is impossible to list all important detailed discussions, but the following are among the most useful for students who desire more than the above summaries.
Diplomatic documents: official publications shortly after outbreak of war, conveniently collected in J. B. Scott (ed.), Diplomatic Documents, or in E. R. von Mach, Official Diplomatic Documents. German documents disclosed since war, in Deutschland Schuldig? Deutsches Weissbuch; M. Montgelas and W. Schücking (ed.), Die Deutschen Dokumente zum____________________