Syllabus on International Relations

By Parker Thomas Moon; Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.) | Go to book overview
Earle, "Raw Materials in Peace and War", Jour. Amer. Bankers Assoc., Sept. 1923.
A. GENERAL NATURE OF THE PROBLEM.
Special Reference:-- * Culbertson, 1-10.
1. Amazing increase in quantity and variety of raw materials required for industry, as result of stupendous growth of industry in last century.
2. The limited supply and unequal distribution.
a. Of minerals.
i. Total quantity of many important minerals limited--e.g., coal, petroleum, iron, etc.
ii. Further limitation--some mineral deposits unsuitable for commercial exploitation because of poor quality, difficulty of extraction, remoteness from seaboard or from centers of consumption, etc.
iii. Commercially available resources very unevenly distributed.
b. Of vegetable and animal products.
i. Supply limited by conditions of soil and climate: e.g., cotton, rubber, sugar, wheat.
ii. Supply further limited by value of land and labor: e.g., unprofitability of raising grain in urbanized districts.
iii. Hence, uneven distribution of commercially profitable supplies.
3. The nationalistic attitude.
A. Nationalistic desire for self-sufficiency in time of war; hence, desire for control of raw materials of war, such as iron, coal, oil, etc.
B. Nationalistic desire for economic independence; hence, desire for territory including adequate supplies of chief raw materials and foodstuffs.
4. Acute and increasing international rivalry as the inevitable consequence of the foregoing facts.

B. MORE DETAILED SURVEY OF THE FACTS--SOME MINERAL RAW MA-
TERIALS.
1. Petroleum.

Special References:-- * Culbertson, 162-73. * Foreign Affairs, March 1923, 96-107. # Davenport and Cooke, The Oil Trusts and Anglo- American Relations. # L'Espagnol de la Tramerye, The World-Struggle for Oil. # Delaisi, Oil, Its Influence on Politics. # Earle, "The Turkish Petroleum Co." in Pol. Sci. Quart., June 1924, 265 ff. Redwood, Petroleum. Garfias, Petroleum Resources of the World. Lidgett, Petroleum. The Oil Encyclopedia. Petroleum Yearbook. National Petroleum News. British Dominions Year Book--Oil: An Imperial Problem. Cronshaw, Petroleum ( Imperial Institute). U. S. Dept. of State, Oil Prospecting in Foreign Countries. Id., Restriction on American Petroleum Prospectors in Certain Foreign Countries. U. S. Fed. Trade Commission, Foreign Ownership in the Petroleum Industry. Great Britain, Cmd. 1226 ( 1921), Correspondence Regarding Mandates, and Cmd. 675 ( 1921), the San Remo Oil Agreement, Great Britain, Imperial Institute, Petroleum, and Imperial Mineral Resources Bureau, Petroleum.

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