|ii. ||Tendency of the Department in recent times to employ
increasing number of expert assistants.|
|iii. ||Inadequate salaries, political control, and insecurity of
office as obstacles to efficiency.|
|D. ||Proposed reforms of American foreign service.|
|i. ||Increased salaries for diplomatic representatives and
State Department officials.|
|ii. ||Improvement and extension of examination and merit
system, to secure more permanency of career and equal opportunity for advancement.|
|iii. ||Emancipation of the foreign service from the spoils
|iv. ||Better organization of Department of State.|
|v. ||Increased facilities in universities or special schools of
foreign service for training of future diplomatists.|
VIII. ECONOMIC FUNCTIONS OF DIPLOMACY
Special references:-- * Poole, 55
-9. # Fisk and
, chs. xiii-xv and bibliography there given.
A. SIGNIFICANCE OF ECONOMIC FACTORS IN MODERN INTERNATIONAL RE-
LATIONS (see Part 8, above).
B. DIPLOMATIC AND QUASI-DIPLOMATIC ECONOMIC SERVICES.
|1. ||Economic-diplomatic functions of presidents, premiers, secretaries of
state, ambassadors and ministers--negotiations regarding reparations, war debts, and loans; commercial treaties; concessions and
economic spheres of influence.|
|2. ||The consular service--tendency of leading nations to improve and
extend consular services, in order to promote trade.|
|3. ||Increasing number of trade advisers, trade commissioners, commercial
|4. ||The problem of organizing and coördinating such services most
effectively; wide range of methods and systems employed by different countries.|
IX. GENERAL DISCUSSION
A. IMPORTANCE OF DIPLOMACY.
|1. ||As the means of contact between governments.|
|2. ||As the means of protecting citizens abroad.|
|3. ||As the means of protecting and extending foreign trade and investment.|
|4. ||As the means of realizing political aspirations.|
|5. ||As a means of preventing international conflict.|
B. CHANGING CONDITIONS OF DIPLOMACY.
|1. ||Growth of democracy, making diplomacy less a matter of court intrigue, and more a matter of politics.|