The Troubadours at Home: Their Lives and Personalities, Their Songs and Their World - Vol. 1

By Justin H. Smith | Go to book overview

XXIII
LE THORONET AND GRANDSELVE

Folquet de Marseilla. Guilhem Fígueira

IT amazes us to find at the heart of all this Albigensian cruelty and horror an ex-troubadour.

Most of the troubadours of that period, while they felt no interest in the questions of doctrine, were intensely hostile to the crusade; and this was very natural. In the first place, as the way Miraval divorced his wife suggests, classical paganism still maintained some hold upon them probably. Apparently, too, there were certain instincts-- or possibly traditions--of the craft that carried them back unconsciously to the mystic brotherhood of the Druids.1 As poets they were of necessity favorable to free thought and free speech. As bards it was a part of their office to chastise the base and faithless, and the priests fell often under their lash. As men devoted to the joys of life they were a natural antithesis to those who collected toll from the fear of death. The Church had always frowned upon the joglar folk, and the troubadours, as near of kin, inherited the quarrel. And above and beyond all these reasons, the nobles menaced with ruin and with death were their patrons, friends, and protectors.

A few illustrations will show how deeply the troubadours were stirred. Bertran de Lamanon charged the archbishop of Arles with the seven mortal sins, and affirmed that money would induce him to do anything whatever.

-386-

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The Troubadours at Home: Their Lives and Personalities, Their Songs and Their World - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface v
  • Contents xi
  • Illustrations xiii
  • Authorities xv
  • I - Aix 1
  • II - Carpentras, Vacqueiras, Orange, And Vaucluse 14
  • III- Les Baux and Tortona 33
  • IV - Monferrat 52
  • V - Courthézon 77
  • VI - Die and Valence 95
  • VII - Anduze 107
  • VIII - Montpellier 119
  • IX - Nontron and Mareuil 139
  • X - Béziers and Burlatz 155
  • XI - Béziers 172
  • XII - Ribérac, Agen, and Beauville 188
  • XIII - Narbonne 206
  • XIV - Perpignan, Castell-Rossello, And Cabestany 224
  • XV - Barcelona 240
  • XVI - Goito, Sambonifacio, and Rodez 254
  • XVII - Marseille, Saissac, and St. Gilles 273
  • XVIII - Carcassonne and Cabaret 290
  • XIX - Foix 311
  • XX - Toulouse and Pamiers 328
  • XXI - Miraval, Boissezon, Castres, and Muret 345
  • XXII - Albi and Gaillac 368
  • XXIII - Le Thoronet and Grandselve 386
  • Notes on Volume One 407
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