Joseph Ravel--his family origins--his stay in Spain--a meeting at Aranjuez--marriage of Joseph Ravel and Marie Delouart--birth of Maurice Ravel--the Basque character-- Basque music--España de panderetas.
IN PARIS IN 1868 THERE LIVED A YOUNG AND EXCEPTIONALLY cultured engineer with an alert and enquiring mind. Pierre- Joseph Ravel was one of those learned research-workers whose strength of mind is combined with modesty, and who, always spurred on by new problems, have only one ambition, to solve the difficulties which face them, and often only one reward, the satisfaction of having done so. Such disinterested inventors may be found at the beginning of all great industrial achievements, but industry is too preoccupied to recall the worth of those pioneers who have served it in its early stages. So we find that only technical reviews have recognized and honoured Joseph Ravel as one of the real pioneers of the motor industry, the first builder of a "steam generator, fired by mineral oils, applied to locomotion,"1 and, later on, the inventor of a twostroke super-charged engine.
Joseph Ravel, born in 1832, originally came from Versoix, a little market town on the Lake of Geneva, which, by the terms of the 1815 treaty, was restored to the canton of Geneva. Documents brought to my notice by M. Alfred Perrin, the composer's first cousin, confirm the statement of the Dictionnaire historique et biographique de la Suisse, to the effect that the Ravel family originated in Collonges-sous-SalOO+E8ve, a village of Haute- Savoie.
Aimé (or Ami) Ravel,2 who was born at Collonges in 1800, came to Versoix, where he became a baker. He acquired____________________