For Whose Benefit?
Today, the North is preoccupied by environmental threats. Indeed, since the Stockholm Conference of 1972, a very different approach to the environment has become evident.
Twenty years ago, the emphasis was on ending the pollution that the industrialized North had been inflicting on the nations of the South. The goals were clean air and water and arable land--the requisites of a decent life; and the modality was international cooperation.
Today, however, the North has seized hold of environmental issues by using them to cloak its own security concerns. The new ideology--or, to some, religion--of the environment allows its proponents to ignore nationalities and national boundaries.
For some, a parallel meeting of non-government organizations at the . . . [ 1992] United Nations Conference on Environment and Development could be the forum for redefining security and sovereignty. The aim is to exert pressure on the participating national governments.____________________