The ideal and the community
A right notion of the bearing of history on affairs, both for the statesman and for the citizen, could not be formed or formulated until men had grasped the idea of human development. This is the great transforming conception, which enables history to define her scope.
The Idea of Progress
J. B. BURY, 1903
By nature men are free and equal in opportunity; but by mischance and bad choice man is sometimes denied this. United States citizens have privileges balanced by responsibilities which must be discharged in order to retain the benefits of the status of citizenship. In addition, as Jefferson and others have pointed out, eternal vigilance and jealous regard must be exercised in order to make the dualistic balance work, and to insure that the body politic will not "wickedness imbrace." We identify democracy with goodness as it represents our set of chosen values.1
The most easily recognized responsibilities of citizenship fall into two categories: civil and political. Each person has the compulsion to maintain law and order, to respect the property and personal rights of others and to defend his country against aggression. In this last part of his civil responsibility the citizen's activity merges with the political____________________