Student teaching or internship
Beginners should work strictly according to models; more advanced pupils should work without models in front of them; accomplished students should work independently.
Analytical Didactic COMENIUS, 1649
After the credential candidate has completed his major and minor and has mastered the theoretic work in professional education he is ready to attempt application, as a student teacher, of the methodology he has learned. Directed teaching under a qualified teacher in a regular junior or senior high school class is the most common way in which this experience is acquired. Such student teaching is usually for one term or semester, and will comprise two or three one-period classes a day. College credit is given for the work and it is normally part of the professional equipment required for certification. There are many variations in the precise way in which candidates are introduced to teaching, including internship which will be discussed a little later. In any event, the first application of teaching methods, the first real opportunity for instructing students, is the most critical and thrilling part of teacher preparation.
It is here, for the first time, that the aspiring teacher has a chance to test the theories he has so laboriously learned; he can find out at first hand how a philosophy of education can be put to use. The student teacher can discover his strengths and weaknesses, decide what more he needs to learn, and find, really for the first time, how effective he is likely to be in the profession he has chosen. "Student teach