A Study of Error: A Summary and Evaluation of Methods Used in Six Years of Study of the Scholastic Aptitude Test of the College Entrance Examination Board

By Carl C. Brigham | Go to book overview

First Annual Report of the Commission on Scholastic Aptitude Tests 1926

Number of Candidates Examined

The scholastic aptitude test was taken on June 23, 1926, by 8,040 candidates, 4,829 boys and 3,211 girls. The centers at which the tests were given, and the number of candidates examined at each center are listed in Table III on pages 163-170. If the number of candidates to be examined at any center exceeded the seating capacity of the largest room available, the candidates were examined by different supervisors in separate rooms, designated in Table III as sub-centers. The tests were given in 353 centers and sub-centers in 318 examination centers.

In order that all candidates might have the opportunity of familiarizing themselves with the nature of the tests to be given, practice booklets containing samples of all the tests were sent out one week before the examination. These practice booklets constituted tickets of admission to the test. Eleven candidates, eight boys and three girls, were admitted to the test without practice booklets. Since these candidates did not take the test under conditions comparable with those of the other candidates, no scores were reported for them. It should be remembered that this action was made necessary because the scores obtained by candidates who had not studied the practice booklet could not be compared with the scores of candidates who had had ample opportunity to practice on the material of the examination.

The test of one candidate, a girl, was invalidated for the reason that she worked on the wrong sub-tests during some of the allotted periods of time, and her error was not detected by the supervisor in time to obtain a reliable test record.

The elimination of this faulty test record, and the eleven records invalidated for lack of practice, left 8,028 test records which were reported to the colleges. These records were classified by colleges, duplications caused by the designation of more than one college being avoided by taking the college named first.

The colleges for which the 4,821 boys were examined, arranged in the order of the number of candidates the test, are as follows:


TABLE I*
Yale University 1257
University of Pennsylvania 1176
Princeton University 918
Harvard University 536
Massachusette Institute of Technology 396
Columbia University 171.
Williams College 121
Brown University 55
Dartmouth University 26
Trinity College ( Hartford, Conn.) 21
Tufts College 17
Amherst College 16
Stanford University 13

Ten candidates were examined for Hamilton College; seven each for Wesleyan University and for the Springfield Junior College; six each for Bowdoin College and the University of Michigan; five each for Cornell University, Lehigh University, New York University, and Swarthmore College; three candidates for Lafayette College; two candidates each for the University of Cincinnati, Haverford College, and Middlebury College; and one candidate each for Bates College, Carlton College, the College of the City of New York, Holy Cross College, Johns Hopkins University, Northwestern University, Pennsylvania State College, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rutgers University, Stevens Institute of Technology, Union College, the United States Naval Academy, the University of Indiana, the University of Virginia, the University of Wisconsin, and Worcester Polytechnic Institute. In addition to the boys planning to enter the colleges listed above, six candidates who had graduated from secondary schools and were eligible for the test were planning to take an additional year in a preparatory school before entering college. Two of these boys were planning to enter Phillips Academy, two were entering Phillips Exeter Academy, one was entering Lawrenceville School, and one was entering the Chauncy Hall School. Reports were withheld in these six cases. Eleven candidates had designated no college at the time the examination was given.

The colleges for which the 3,207 girls were examined, arranged in the order of the number of candidates taking the test, were as follows:


TABLE II*
Smith College 865
Wellesley College 742
Vassar College 602
Mount Holyoke College 373
Radcliffe College 233
University of Pennsylvania 123
Barnard College 88
Wells College 53
Connecticut College for Women 40
Bryn Mawr College 22
Albertus Magnus College 22

Eight candidates were examined for Brown University, six for Goucher College, three candidates each for Simmons College, Trinity College ( Washington, D. C.), Springfield Junior College, and Wheaton College; two candidates each for Stanford University, Swarthmore College, and the University of Minnesota; and one candidate each for Mills College, Northwestern University, the New Jersey College for Women, Rice Institute, Syracuse University, and Tufts College. One girl intended to enter the Martha Washington Seminary. Five girls were undecided as to their college at the time of taking the examination.


TABLE IV
NUMBER OF MEN WORKING AND TOTAL NUMBER OF HOURS SPENT IN SCORING EACH DAY DURING WHICH THE SCORING UNIT OPERATED
DATE NUMBER
OF MEN
TOTAL HOURS
June 23 5 37.5
June 24 34 320.3
June 25 37 355.4
June 26 44 408.1
June 27 37 342.7
June 28 45 429.0
June 29 44 409.6
June 30 42 380.8
July 1 40 376.9
July 2 36 342.3
July 3 30 264.4
July 4 24 242.7
July 5 28 278.8
July 6 22 209.9
July 7 17 151.0
July 8 12 93.6
July 9 11 86.0
July 10 10 75.6
July 11 00 00.00
July 12 10 82.9
July 13 10 81.9
July 14 9 67.0
July 15 8 68.5
July 16 2 15.0
____________________
*
This table was constructed on the basis of the colleges named by the candidates on their test booklets and does not agree with Table I on pages 8 and 9 of the Annual Report of the Secretary, which was compiled from the application blanks filed three weeks or more in advance of the examinations.

-331-

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