METHODS IN EDUCATION
By a Method in education is meant the way in which a teacher puts educative agents and means to work upon human nature so as to produce some desired result. Thus a book may be used as matter to be understood, or to be understood and remembered, or to be merely memorized without understanding, or to be understood, remembered and used in the solution of problems. Thus, to produce the result -- knowledge of certain facts in chemistry -- the teacher may describe the facts orally, or have students read printed descriptions of them in a text-book, or demonstrate the facts by experiments, or get the students to perform the experiments themselves.
The problems defined.
The variety of methods which one may use to attain even any one given result is often very great, since in the last analysis every difference in the teacher's facial expression or voice, or in the wording of his statements and questions, is a difference in method. The variety possible in connection with all the different results which education seeks is practically infinite. It is, in-