RACES AND NATIONALITY.
Are the Russian People a European People?--Is there in Russia a Homo-
geneous Nationality?--Interest Attaching to these Questions--The
Ethnographical Museum at Moscow--Causes of the Multiplicity of
Races on this Uniform Land--Reasons why their Fusion is not yet Com-
pleted--How it is that Ethnographical Maps can Furnish only
WERE Russia a lately discovered virgin land, devoid of population, or roamed over only by a few nomadic tribes, she would soon offer to the world the same spectacle as the United States or Australia. She would rank with those countries where civilization, having left behind her the old institutions which protected her infancy, opens out for herself, on a new soil, a wider and more independent career. Left entirely to European civilization, Russia would quickly have rivalled America, for--according to a remark made by Adam Smith as early as the eighteenth century--nothing, once the foundations are solidly laid, can equal the rapidly increasing prosperity of a colony which, in a free land, is at liberty to construct an entirely new building. What makes Russia's inferiority is her elderly population, with its antiquated customs and old traditions; it is this indigenous population which, by shutting out immigration from the West, robs her of the advantages of the usual marvellous growth of colonies.1____________________