The Empire of the Tsars and the Russians

By Anatole L. Leroy-Beaulieu; Zaenaefde A. Ragozin | Go to book overview

BOOK II. CHAPTER II.

The Three Chief Ethnic Elements of Russia--The Finns--Are they an
Element that Has no Parallel in Western Europe?--Diversity and
Isolation of such Finn Groups as Still Survive--Their Part in the
Formation of the Russian People--The Russian Type and the Finn
Stamp--Is this Relationship a Cause of Inferiority for Russia?--
Capacity of the Finns for Civilization.

OUT of the apparent chaos of Russian ethnology three main elements--Finn, Tatar, Slav--clearly emerge, the last having by this time in a great measure absorbed the other two. Setting aside the three or four millions of Jews in the West, the eight or nine hundred thousand Rumanians in Bessarabia, and one million at least of Germans, scattered from north to south,--setting aside also the Kalmỳks of the steppe of the Lower Volga; the Tchetchens, the Lezghians, the Armenians, and the entire Babel of the Caucasus,--all the peoples or tribes that have invaded Russia in the past, all those that inhabit her to-day, can be traced to one of these three races. As far back as we may pursue history, representatives of each of these three groups are found, under one name or another, on Russian soil, and their fusion is not even yet so complete as to conceal from sight the distinctive traits of each, or the area on which they respectively held their sway.

The Finn or Tchud race* seems to have in olden times occupied the greater part of the territory we nowadays call Russia.

____________________
*
Tchud, following the Slav etymology, would mean "monsters, wonders," or "strangers." The name may possibly contain an allusion to the "wonders" done by sorcerers, who enjoyed great renown everywhere among the Finns.

-63-

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The Empire of the Tsars and the Russians
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • A Word from the Translator. iii
  • Author's Preface. Written Expressly for the American Edition. vii
  • Contents xiii
  • List of Maps xxi
  • Part I. the Country and Its Inhabitants xxiii
  • Book I. Nature, Climate, and Soil. 1
  • Book I. Chapter Ii. 15
  • Book I. Chapter Iii. 35
  • Book Ii. Races and Nationality. 54
  • Book Ii. Chapter Ii. 63
  • Book Ii. Chapter Iii. 77
  • Book Ii. Chapter Iv. 95
  • Book Ii. Chapter V. 122
  • Book III. the National Temperament and Character. 138
  • Book Iii. Chapter Ii. 161
  • Book Iii. Chapter Iii. 179
  • Book Iii. Chapter Iv. 195
  • Book Iv. History and the Elements of Civilization. 223
  • Book Iv. Chapter Ii. 241
  • Book Iv. Chapter Iii. 256
  • Book Iv. Chapter Iv. 282
  • Book V. the Social Hierarchy: the Towns and Urban Classes. 305
  • Book V. Chapter Ii. 322
  • Book V. Chapter Iii. 334
  • Book Vi. Nobility and Tchin. 346
  • Book Vi. Chapter Ii. 362
  • Book Vi. Chapter Iii. 381
  • Book Vi. Chapter Iv. 390
  • Book VII the Peasant and the Emancipation. 403
  • Book Vii. Chapter Ii. 422
  • Book Vii. Chapter Iii. 436
  • Book VII Chapter Iv. 450
  • Book VIII. Mir, Family, and Village Communities. 474
  • Book Viii. Chapter Ii. 486
  • Book Viii. Chapter Iii. 505
  • Book Viii. Chapter Iv. 521
  • Book Viii. Chapter V. 534
  • Book Viii. Chapter Vl. 548
  • Book Viii. Chapter Vii. 563
  • Index 581
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