THE NATIONAL TEMPERAMENT AND CHARACTER.
Utility and Difficulty of Studying the National Character-- Russia One of the Countries Where Material Surroundings Act Most on Man--Some Effects of the Climate--The North, and Sluggishness Brought on by Cold--Winter and the Intermittence of Labor--Lack of Liking for Physical Exertion--Habitual Insufficiency of Food; Drunkenness; Hygiene and Mortality--Cold and Uncleanliness at Home in the North --Are Northern Countries More Favorable to Morality?
IT is something to know the origin of a people and the land they inhabit. It is not much if one cannot account for the influence of nature on man. From this action of the outer world and from the people's historical or religious training results the national character. Now nations do their politics as private people transact their business, temperament being a factor as well as self-interest.
For the character of a nation, like that of a man, depends on the temperament or blood, on the physical surroundings and on the moral training, not to mention what, in an individual is contributed by age, and, in a nation, by a long course of civilization. Between these three orders of influences--race, nature, historynow one, now another, has been awarded pre-eminence in the study of nations. All three have their importance; but, nations being, even more than individuals, of mixed blood, what is most difficult to determine is the share to be allotted to race and hered-