Results of the Emancipation --How the Manners and Social Status were less Affected by it than was Expected by either Adversaries or Partisans--Disappointments and their Causes --Economic Results --They Differ according to the Regions--How it is that the Conditions of the Master's Existence have been Modified by the Emancipation, on the Whole, more than the Peasant's--Moral and Social Consequences .
IT was not only in the izbà that the emancipation left an undercurrent of dissatisfaction. This revolution, which struck at the very bases of society and property, which, in the opinion of statesmen, was likely to imperil the entire social order, was accomplished peaceably, with hardly any disturbance. It was a great success; yet, to many of those who took part in the work, it proved disappointing.
At the two extremes of the civilized world--in Russia and in the United States of America--two tasks of similar import were achieved at nearly the same moment, although by very different means. In America, the liberation of the slaves, bought at the price of a murderous war and carried out by force, without umpires or mediating power, has temporarily cast the white master at the feet of the colored freedman, and established on the shores of the Gulf of Mexico a state of things as saddening, as perilous, as slavery itself. In Russia, on the other hand, the same event has brought about no class strife; as for race strife, there could be none; it has bred neither animosity nor rivalry; the social peace was not disturbed. And yet, of the two countries, the best satisfied with its own work possibly is not the Empire of the North.