The Empire of the Tsars and the Russians

By Anatole L. Leroy-Beaulieu; Zaenaefde A. Ragozin | Go to book overview

BOOK VIII. CHAPTER II.

The Village Communities have their Prototype in the Family--The
Commune Frequently Looked upon as an Enlarged Family--Filiation
of the Village Communities from the Family Communities--The Peas-
antry's Patriarchal Manners and the Ancient Village Family--Authority
of the Head of a Household--Community of Possessions--Domestic
Bonds Relaxed by the Emancipation--Increase of Family Partitions--
Material Inconvenience and Moral Advantages Accruing Therefrom--
Servitude of the Women--Progress of Individualism; its Consequences.

To the village communities of Great- Russia a prototype may be found, even simpler and more ancient, yet living still--the family. In the mujik's izbà, the family, in truth, has preserved to our day a patriarchal, archaic character. Property remains undivided between the children or between brothers who dwell together under one roof; each son, each male of the house, has an equal right to it. The agrarian community seems to be contained in embryo in the family, the former being constructed on the model of the latter. So that the Russian commune may be regarded as an enlarged family, in which the soil remains the collective property of the community, each man or each household receiving for his support an equal share thereof. The Moscovite mir is often considered simply as an extension of the family, grown too numerous to reside in the same enclosure or to go on cultivating the land in common. This view, held by many economists, both Russian and foreign, may in many cases be correct, though not invariably. It is not always easy to prove the members of a village community to be descended from one common ancestor, even when there is tradition to show for it. There may

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The Empire of the Tsars and the Russians
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • A Word from the Translator. iii
  • Author's Preface. Written Expressly for the American Edition. vii
  • Contents xiii
  • List of Maps xxi
  • Part I. the Country and Its Inhabitants xxiii
  • Book I. Nature, Climate, and Soil. 1
  • Book I. Chapter Ii. 15
  • Book I. Chapter Iii. 35
  • Book Ii. Races and Nationality. 54
  • Book Ii. Chapter Ii. 63
  • Book Ii. Chapter Iii. 77
  • Book Ii. Chapter Iv. 95
  • Book Ii. Chapter V. 122
  • Book III. the National Temperament and Character. 138
  • Book Iii. Chapter Ii. 161
  • Book Iii. Chapter Iii. 179
  • Book Iii. Chapter Iv. 195
  • Book Iv. History and the Elements of Civilization. 223
  • Book Iv. Chapter Ii. 241
  • Book Iv. Chapter Iii. 256
  • Book Iv. Chapter Iv. 282
  • Book V. the Social Hierarchy: the Towns and Urban Classes. 305
  • Book V. Chapter Ii. 322
  • Book V. Chapter Iii. 334
  • Book Vi. Nobility and Tchin. 346
  • Book Vi. Chapter Ii. 362
  • Book Vi. Chapter Iii. 381
  • Book Vi. Chapter Iv. 390
  • Book VII the Peasant and the Emancipation. 403
  • Book Vii. Chapter Ii. 422
  • Book Vii. Chapter Iii. 436
  • Book VII Chapter Iv. 450
  • Book VIII. Mir, Family, and Village Communities. 474
  • Book Viii. Chapter Ii. 486
  • Book Viii. Chapter Iii. 505
  • Book Viii. Chapter Iv. 521
  • Book Viii. Chapter V. 534
  • Book Viii. Chapter Vl. 548
  • Book Viii. Chapter Vii. 563
  • Index 581
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