A Handbook of Egyptian Religion

By Adolf Erman; A. S. Griffith | Go to book overview

CHAPTER IV

BELIEFS REGARDING THE DEAD, OF THE EARLY PERIOD AND OF THE NEW KINGDOM

IF there was a point on which the Egyptians differed from every other nation it was in their excessive care for the dead. Other nations have erected buildings for the worship of the gods, or for practical purposes, which may vie with the colossal temples of Egypt, but such graves as the Great Pyramids, or the rock tombs of Thebes, exist nowhere else in the world.

This must also strike any one who observes in our museums the immense variety of objects that were laid in the graves for the use of the deceased in his future existence. The Egyptians would not have persisted in these strenuous efforts during three thousand years had they not possessed very special views as to the future destiny of the dead, views which we can comprehend to-day, thanks to their ancient literature which has come down to us in almost immeasurable abundance.

It is true that it is not literature in the exact meaning of the word, or only in the slightest degree. At best it consists only of short or long formulae, which from the earliest times were recited at the graves. Of these formulae there are two great collections, from which we gather most of our knowledge of the subject; the so-called Pyramid texts, and the so-called Book of the Dead. The Pyramid texts is the name given by us to the long inscriptions in certain pyramids of the end of the Old Kingdom, which supplied the deceased kings with something approaching a library of ancient writings bearing on their future destiny. The greater part of these are extremely ancient, and were formulated at the earliest stages of Egyptian civilization. By the Book of the Dead we mean another group of texts which from the time of the New Kingdom were constantly written on papyri. Among them there is much that is undoubtedly

-85-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Handbook of Egyptian Religion
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 262

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.