References.-- POMEROY: Constitutional Law, 114-118, 531-612.-- BUR- GESS : Political Science, II, 216-263.-- VON HOLST: Constitutional Law, 82-90, 190-211.--THE FEDERALIST: Nos. 67-77.-- GOODNOW: Comparative Administrative Law, I, 59-74.-- B. HARRISON: This Country of Ours, 68-180.-- JAMES BRYCE: The American Common- wealth, I, 38-85.-- S. G. FISHER: The Trial of the Constitution, 202- 268.-- GROVER CLEVELAND: Presidential Problems.-- L. M. SALMON: History of the Appointing Power.-- G. N. LIEBER: "Remarks on the Army Regulations; Use of the Army in Aid of the Civil Power".-- Atlantic Monthly: 55:826; 85:721; 86:1.-- North American Review: 133:464; 144:120, 261.-- American Law Review: 31:876.-- Political Science Quarterly: 1: 163, 533; 3:345.--American Historical Associa- tion, Report for 1899:65-87.
AT the head of the national administration stands the Presi- dent of the United States. He is elected for a term of four years by an indirect process, nominally through a series of elec- toral colleges chosen in the different states, in fact as the result of a party contest where the original voters express directly their preference among the candidates, but where the result de- pends on the system of counting electoral votes, which may give a dominant and excessive influence to a small majority in a few pivotal states. It is not necessary here to discuss in detail the method of election. For, while the formal process is prescribed at some length in the national constitution, the most important features form no part of the national administration, but are regulated by state laws and extra legal political customs.
As this work deals only with the national administration, it