THE CABINET AND ITS MEMBERS
References.-- BRYCE: The American Commonwealth, I, 86-96, 277-297.-- GOODNOW: Comparative Administrative Law, I, 127-161.-- GUGGEN- HEIMER : Development of the Executive Departments, in JAMESON: Essays in Constitutional History, 116-185.-- BURGESS: Political Science, II, 263, 311-317.-- H. J. FORD: American Politics, 383-396.-- A. L. LOWELL: Essays on Government, No. 1.-- J. I. C. HARE: American Constitutional Law, I, lecture 10.-- DUPRIEZ: Les Ministres, II, 42-52, 68-95, 150-164.-- F. SNOW: In American Historical Association Reports, 4:309; in Annals Amer. Acad. Soc. and Pol. Sci., 3:1.-- Congressional Directory, December, 1904, 257-290.-- Atlantic Monthly, 50:95.-- North American Review, 111:330.-- American Law Review, 23:280-282.-- Yale Law Journal, 7:1-19.-- Magazine of American History, 23:386.
IN the discharge of his administrative functions the President is assisted by a group of advisers known as the Cabinet, which has some resemblances and some points of difference to the cabinets in other governments. As is the general rule elsewhere, the President's Cabinet is composed of the heads of the principal executive departments, into which the national administration is organized. Like the British cabinet, it has no legal existence as a collective body. But, unlike the cabinets in countries having the parliamentary system of government, neither the Cabinet as a whole nor the individual members, in the United States, are politically responsible for the acts of the chief executive. The President has full authority and sole responsibility; and his Cabinet is simply a consultative and advisory body to him, without any effective control over legislation. This situation is indicated by the fact that the members of the President's Cabinet are generally called