My especial thanks are due to Professor Harold J. Laski, of the London School of Economics and Political Science, for his continuous and unfailing courtesy, encouragement, and helpfulness. In particular, in the present instance, he gave much of his valuable time to reading manuscript and to making exceedingly valuable suggestions. Professor C. Perry Patterson, of the University of Texas, was kind enough to let me see in manuscript his scholarly work on The Administration of Justice in Great Britain ( Austin, 1936). My friend and colleague, Professor Raymond Uhl, of the Bureau of Public Administration in the University of Virginia, has rendered me assistance in the preparation of the present volume, as he has in countless other matters, for which I shall never be able sufficiently to thank him. Without the benefits of the intelligence, patience, and good nature of Mrs. R. E. Hall, Jr., and Miss Ruth Ritchie, of the Institute for Research in the Social Sciences in the University of Virginia, I should never have completed this book.