I wish to thank the funding agencies and individuals whose training, advice, and financial assistance of past projects ultimately allowed me to write this book. I am especially grateful to those who helped me specifically with The Ottoman Turks -- Justin McCarthy Sr., Bruce Adams, Colin Heywood, Heath Lowry, David Morgan, William Ochsenwald, Lee Shai Weissbach, Rita Hettinger, Debbie Jordan, and the research committees of the Graduate School and College of Arts and Sciences of the University of Louisville. I am indebted to H.E. Nüzhet Kandemir, Aykut Sezgin, and Mustafa Siyahhan of the Turkish Embassy in Washington, D.C. for their indispensable assistance in obtaining illustrations. The help of librarians and archivists at the University of Louisville, the Library of Congress, the School of Oriental and African Studies, The British Library, and the Topkapı Sarayı, Müzesi was essential to the project. As always, my greatest thanks go to my wife, Beth, and my children for their support and understanding and the flowers, coffee, and brownies they brought up to my study to sustain me.
The publishers would like to thank the following for granting permission to reproduce illustrative material: Robert Harding Picture Library for the illustration on page 34 and The Illustrated London News Group for the illustrations on pages 194, 284, 328, 348 and 370.