The Making of Fianna Fail Power in Ireland, 1923-1948

By Richard Dunphy | Go to book overview

4
Fianna Fáil in Power 1932-1938

Fianna Fáil took office on 9 March 1932. The cabinet was as follows: Eamon de Valera ( President of the Executive Council and Minister for External Affairs), Seán T. O'Kelly ( Vice-President of the Executive Council and Minister for Public Health and Local Government), Seán MacEntee ( Minister for Finance), Seán Lemass ( Minister for Industry and Commerce), Frank Aiken ( Minister for Defence), James Geoghegan ( Minister for Justice), Jim Ryan ( Minister for Agriculture), P. J. Ruttledge ( Minister for Lands and Fisheries), Tom Derrig ( Minister for Education), Joseph Connolly ( Minister for Posts and Telegraphs).

Between 1932 and 1938 Fianna Fáil sought to implement its economic, social, and political programme. The results and effects of its efforts will be the subject of this chapter. The signing of the Anglo-Irish Agreement in 1938 involved an implicit recognition of the exhaustion of the party's original project. Although the war years gave a new lease of life to the stated objective of self-sufficiency, and although it was to be another decade again before the party seriously embarked upon the formulation of a new developmental strategy, it can be argued that by 1938 Fianna Fáil had developed the Irish economy as far as was possible behind the barriers of protection. Politically, too, 1938 marks a significant turning-point: 'between 1938 and 1943 there took place a major and fundamental change in the social bases of Fianna Fáil's support.'1


FIANNA FÁIL AND THE STATE

Any discussion of Fianna Fáil in office must begin with a few words about its attitude to the state apparatus of which it was nominally in control in March 1932. Although there was some pressure from

____________________
1
M. Gallagher, Electoral Support for Irish Political Parties, 1927-1973 ( London, 1976), 23.

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The Making of Fianna Fail Power in Ireland, 1923-1948
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements xi
  • Contents xiii
  • Abbreviations xiv
  • Note on Sources xv
  • I - Fianna Fáil and Irish Political Studies 1
  • Conclusion 24
  • 2 - The Birth of Fianna Fáil 1923-1926 30
  • 3 - The Road to Power 1926-1932 74
  • 4 - Fianna Fáil in Power 1932-1938 145
  • Conclusion 210
  • 5 - 'Our Radicalism Implemented' 1938-1948 214
  • Conclusion 303
  • Conclusion 310
  • Select Bibliography 323
  • Index 333
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