|P. 1. Influence of the aristocracy over elections: Paston
Letters, edited by
J. Gairdner ( 1904), V. 149.|
Privileges of the aristocracy: Hoccleve, Works, edited by F. J. Furnivall (Early English Text Soc. Extra Ser. 72), III. 102, 87; Liber Niger in Ordinances and Regulations for the Government of the Royal Household (Soc. of Antiquaries, 1790), 68; York Plays edited by L. T. Smith, xxxiv.
|P. 2. Necessity for class distinctions: Richard the Redeless (with Vision of Piers the Plowman), edited by W. W. Skeat, I. 608. Cf. Lydgate, The Pilgrimage of the Life of Man, edited by F. J. Furnivall (Early English Text Soc. Extra Ser. 77), 310-1.|
|P. 3. Complaints of Lords against Villeins: Rot. Parl., III. 21, 212, 296, 448.|
Complaints that free men are claimed as bond: Ibid., V. 448; Early Chanc. Proceed., 3/110, 6/77, 9/261, 15/159, 28/338, 61/397, 233/10.
Number of bondmen at the end of the Middle Ages only one per cent. of the population: Savine in Trans. Roy. Hist. Soc. N.S., XVII. 131.
Property of W. Heynes: Cunningham, Alien Immigrants to England, 110.
|P. 4. Specimen of an indenture between a lord and a retainer: Archœologia, XLVII. 195. Several payments to retainers are recorded in John of Gaunt's Register: Edward Beauchamp received a hundred shillings "pur ses fez de peas del terme de Pasques proschein venant, et 10 marks pur le terme de|