The Choibalsang Years
FOR MONGOLIA the 1930's and 1940's were the Choibalsang years. Although, together with Sukebator, he had led the Revolution of 1921, and although he was influential all through the 1920's, Choibalsang did not become the dominating figure in Mongolian politics until the decisive years from 1932 to 1934, when he took the lead in defeating the Left Deviation and substituting the New Turn toward a policy of persuasion. He died in 1952. These dates identify him with almost the full span of the ascendancy in the Soviet Union of Stalin, who died in 1953.
Some months after my wife and I had left Mongolia it was reported ( New York Times, 1 February 1962) that the Central Committee of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party had voted a resolution to take "decisive measures to insure complete liquidation of the harmful consequences of Kh. Choibalsang's cult of personality in all spheres of life." While we were still in Mongolia we had had some hints that this might be coming.