The conclusions in this chapter are intended to be a broad-based map of the key features of unconventional conflicts and to be a transition to the final chapter of this book, analyzing the current and future U.S. posture for such conflicts. This chapter is not a review of conclusions drawn in each chapter. Briefly, the comparative framework used in this book included four components: the state of the nation; military posture; nature of the conflict; and nature of indigenous systems. The following is a review of these as they apply to Malaya and Vietnam.
The British government was primarily concerned with issues of reconstruction and with recovering from the destruction of World War II. The unanticipated victory of the Labour government--even while Winston Churchill, Conservative party prime minister, was involved in serious negotiations with other foreign leaders--ushered in a new socialist economic plan. This became the primary political-economic issue for the next decade, even with the return of the Conservative government. The plan covered a whole range of domestic issues, from rebuilding the economy to political and economic schemes for a new England. In addition, the foreign policy concern was on Europe and the role of Britain in the new European political and economic life. Early on, leaders in the British government recognized that the end of World War II had ushered in a new political era. The British colonial empire would have to be dissolved in the