a new village to attract residents and to keep them content in staying. Cunnison
( 1956) has described these among southern Tabwa along the Luapula.
In a paper entitled " 'Sinister Caricatures': 'Cannibalism' Among Belgians and
Africans in the Congo, the Kazanzi society among colonized and the Mitumbula
among colonizers was contrasted as to political history and essence (see Roberts 1993).
Van Acker 1907:54; Van Avermaet and Mbuya 1954:533-34; White Fathers 1954:619; Kajiga 1975:611; Johnson 1971:384. In KiTabwa-ponda can also mean "to
insult, to dance fast"; muponda is the wild dog, Lycaon pictus, and kiponda a "night
thief," according to Van Acker. In both KiLuba and CiBemba (which in turn are
closely related to KiTabwa), derivatives refer to rebellion, insurrection, and the "underground" (maquis).
Not coincidentally, Tabwa and others in the area used to create a din when
the moon was "eaten" during eclipse. See Heusch 1972:72-82, for an elegant discussion of how this is an action to "separate the sky and the earth," to maintain the
discrete nature of cosmic principles.
I rely here upon J. David Sapir Anatomy of Metaphor
( 1977), in which he
holds that "metaphor states an equivalence between terms taken from separate domains"; "metonymy replaces or juxtaposes contiguous terms that occupy a distinct
and separate place within what is considered a single semantic or perceptual domain"; and "synecdoche, like metonymy, draws its terms from a single domain;
however, one term always includes or is included by the other" (p. 4
). Figure 10.1
is also derived from his (p. 20
The place and meaning of invocation in the Tabwa medical process, as well
as the usefulness of the rhetorical analogy in the explication of the process, will be
expounded upon in the writings of C. D. Roberts.
Administrateur Territorial. 1919. Untitled administrative report from Albertville, 22
January 1919. Archives of Sous-Région du Tanganika, Kalemi, Zaire.
Arens W. 1979. The Man-Eating Myth. New York: Oxford University Press.
Beidelman T. 1975. "Ambiguous Animals: Two Theriomorphic Metaphors in Kaguru Folklore". Africa 45( 2):183-96.
Burton W. F. P. 1961. Luba Religion and Magic in Custom and Belief. Tevuven: Annales
du Musée Royal de L'Afrique Centrale, Sciences Humaines, no. 35.
Colle P. 1913. Les Baluba. 2 vols. Anvers: Albert Dewit.
Cunnison I. 1956. "Headmanship and the Ritual of Luapula Villages". Africa 26( 1): 2-19.
DeBruyn W. 1960. "Avis d'ouverture d'instruction". Judicial report, Parquet du
Tanganika, Etat du Katanga, 7 November 1960. Archives du Bureau des Affaires Culturelles, Division Régionale des Affaires Politiques, Lubumbashi.
Heush L. de. 1972. Le roi ivre, ou l'origine de l'etat. Paris: Gallimard.
Hobsbawm E. 1965. Primitive Rebels. New York: Norton.
-----. 1981. Bandist. New York: Pantheon.
Johnson F. 1971. A Standard Swahili-English Dictionaty. London: Oxford University
Press. (1st ed., 1939.)