Asian Americans: Achievement beyond IQ

By James R. Flynn | Go to book overview

2
The Three Great
National Surveys

Our intent is to discuss all IQ studies whose subjects have included Chinese or Japanese Americans. This chapter gives some attention to early studies and a detailed analysis of the three great national surveys of the 1960s. Studies analyzed rather than merely summarized are prefaced with a diagnosis of whether or not the values for Chinese or Japanese IQ have been inflated. Often the inflated values are simply what an uncritical reading of the data would give and therefore, they must not be taken as an indictment of the scholars concerned. Sometimes these scholars had other purposes in mind and offered no IQ estimates; sometimes they offered estimates but could not possibly have realized they were using obsolete norms. All inflated estimates are revised downward, which should not be taken as an indictment of the analysis. Just as rising prices over time mean the value of currency is always being inflated, so IQ gains over time mean that IQ scores are always being inflated. When subjects are scored against obsolete norms, the only way to revise is downward.

Comparative studies of Asian and White American IQ fall naturally into four periods, namely, 1918 to 1949, 1950 to 1971, 1972 to 1975, and 1976 to 1985. The subjects chosen, the tests administered, and the methodology used were conditioned by the ebb and flow of immigration, which Asian groups were most tolerated or acculturated, even the terminology scholars adopted at the time. Without some knowledge of these developments, the studies cannot be properly assessed and therefore, a historical interlude prefaces each period.

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Asian Americans: Achievement beyond IQ
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • The Ice Ages and the Sino-Japanese Brain 1
  • 2 - The Three Great National Surveys 16
  • 3 - Eleven Studies from Various Locales 32
  • 4 - Measuring the Gap Between IQ and Achievement 61
  • 5 - The Two Factors of Overachievement 78
  • 6 - The Probable and the Tentative 102
  • 7 - Beyond Genes and Iq 112
  • 8 - Epilogue Setting the Record Straight 140
  • Appendix A Matarazzo's Data (from P. 69) 142
  • Appendix B Key Values for the Sat (from P. 85) 144
  • References 147
  • Author Index 156
  • Subject Index 160
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