Historians of Modern Europe

By Hans A. Schmitt | Go to book overview

FEDERICO CHABOD
Portrait of a Master Historian

A. WILLIAM SALOMONE University of Rochester

F EDERICO CHABOD: an historian's historian. Few other twentieth century craftsmen in Clio's workshop have so deservedly gained with similar unanimity the homage implicit in that characterization. Those outside Italy who first heard of Chabod as president of the International Committee of Historical Sciences in 1955 and perhaps later came to know of him through one or another of the very scanty number of his works available in languages other than Italian undoubtedly found it easy to share the admiration that had led the representatives of the world community of historians to elect him as their most eminent spokesman.1 Obviously, the initiates' admiration developed before that election and even before the publication four years earlier of his masterpiece -- the Storia della politica estera italiana dal 1870 al 1896: Le premesse ( 1951).2 In fact, that admiration derived from

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1
So far as I know, to date [ 1968 ] the following are the only works by Chabod available in languages other than Italian: L'Italie contemporaine. Conférences données a l'Institut d'Études Politiques de l'Université de Paris ( Paris, 1950); an Italian edition of the Parisian lectures, L'Italia contemporanea ( 1918-1948). Lezioni alla Sorbona ( Turin, 1961), appeared in English as A History of Italian Fascism, translated by Muriel Grindrod ( London, 1963); Machiavelli and the Renaissance, translated by David Moore, with introduction by A. P. d'Entréves ( London, 1958); Italien-Europa: Studien zur Geschichte Italiens im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, with foreword by Rudolf von Albertini ( Göttingen, 1962). Von Albertini's anthology contains extensive excerpts from Chabod's writings on the "idea of Europe," on method, on the "mission of Rome," from the Storia della politica estera italiana dal 1870 al 1896: Le premesse ( Bari, 1951), from an article on Italian foreign policy between 1870 and 1915, and from L'Italie contemporaine. As this volume goes to press ( 1971), a fine anthology of six of the most original Chabodian studies has been edited in French by Henri Lepeyre, under the title of De Machiavel a Benedetto Croce ( Geneva, 1970).
2
A second edition, apparently made from the original plates, was issued in Bari in 1962; a pocket edition in two volumes in the Universale Laterza (UL) was published in 1965, but the notes are transferred to the end of chapters. In both the text and the notes of the present essay Chabod Storia della politica estera italiana...in its 1951 edition will be referred to as Storia: Le premesse or simply as Storia.

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Historians of Modern Europe
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction vii
  • Contents xix
  • Part One - Anglo-American Perspectives 3
  • Arnold J. Toynbee - The Paradox of Prophecy 5
  • Carlton J. H. Hayes 15
  • Oscar Halecki 36
  • Hans Kohn - Historian of Nationalism 62
  • A. J. P. Taylor 78
  • J. L. Hammond 95
  • Part Two - Continental Perspectives 121
  • Adolfo Omodeo - Historian of the "Religion of Freedom" 123
  • Gerhard Ritter 151
  • Gaetano Salvemini: - Meridionalista 206
  • Ernest Labrousse 235
  • Federico Chabod - Portrait of a Master Historian 255
  • The France of M. Chastenet 291
  • Gioacchino Volpe 315
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