Tradition and Interpretation

By G. W. Anderson | Go to book overview

I
THE TEXTUAL TRANSMISSION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT

B. J. ROBERTS

By changing the traditional title, "'Textual Criticism'" to "'Textual Transmission'", the editor has recognized the change of character that has taken place in the topic during the past few years. In contrast to earlier attitudes the concern of the textualist now is to retain the Massoretic text wherever possible, not on grounds of dogma or a return to 'orthodoxy', but simply because of the misleading results produced by earlier approaches. Textual emendation is, of course, still a legitimate exercise, but it now demands acceptance of criteria reflecting a better understanding of the textual transmission.


I. NEW MATERIAL

During the past twenty-five years a substantial amount of new texts and material for textual study has become available, which needs to be surveyed before we embark on the actual topic of this essay. In order of priority, pride of place goes to the new critical editions of the text--this despite the current popularity of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The new texts are Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia1 and the recent edition by the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, based on the Aleppo Codex.2 The reason for the priority is that all other discoveries and hypotheses based on them are subservient to the basic Massoretic text which had become an authoritative text.

____________________
1
The successor of Biblia Hebraica, 1937, and published by the Württembergische Bibelanstalt, Stuttgart, with Liber Jesaiae, ed. D. Winton Thomas as the first fascicle, 1968, now followed by several others. (Publication now complete: 1976. Ed.)
2
See The Book of Isaiah, Sample Edition, by M. H. Goshen-Gottstein, 1965, and the Annual, Textus, the periodical produced for the Hebrew University Bible Project, ed. C. Rabin and later S. Talmon, 1960-9. See further, p. 15, n. 39.

-1-

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Tradition and Interpretation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • Abbreviations ix
  • Introduction- Changing Perspectives in Old Testament Study xiii
  • I- The Textual Transmission of the Old Testament 1
  • Bibliography 29
  • II- Semitic Philology and the Interpretation of the Old Testament 31
  • III- Recent Archaeological Discoveries and Their Bearing on the Old Testament 65
  • Bibliography 94
  • IV- Pentateuchal Problems 96
  • Bibliography 122
  • V- Old Testament Historiography 125
  • VI- Prophecy and the Prophetic Literature 163
  • Bibliography 187
  • VII- Apocalyptic 189
  • Bibliography 212
  • VIII- Wisdom 214
  • Bibliography 234
  • IX- The Psalms and Israelite Worship 238
  • Bibliography 272
  • X- The History of Israel in the Pre-Exilic Period 274
  • Bibliography 318
  • XI- The History of Israel in the Exilic and Post-Exilic Periods 320
  • Bibliography 349
  • XII- The History of Israelite Religion 351
  • Bibliography 383
  • XIII- The Theology and Interpretation of the Old Testament 385
  • Bibliography 414
  • Index of Authors 429
  • General Index 439
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