The Relationship Between the Basel Convention and the Waste Management Systems of the EU and the OECD
Two regional waste management systems that do not constitute agreements within the meaning of Article 2(1.a) of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties are of potential relevance for the Basel Convention: the pertinent secondary legislation of the EU (previously the EC),1 and the waste management policy and legislation of the OECD. Both these systems played a significant part in the elaboration of the Basel Convention, as already mentioned (see Chapter 2 above). They will be examined in this chapter in the light of their relationship with the Basel Convention, and their possible role as component elements of the Basel Convention regime discussed in Chapter 3.
The EU's waste management policy evolved in the 1970s. Since 1973, five Action Programmes on the Environment have been adopted, each constituting the fundamental reference charter for EU environmental policy for a given period of time.3 The second and third Action Programmes estab-____________________