The Contribution of the Basel Convention and Related Rules to an Emerging Global Waste Management System
In Chapter 1 above, the need for a comprehensive international regime for the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes was established. It was submitted that the Basel Convention could serve as a basis for the future regime, with other relevant international rules as component elements. The main characteristics of the future regime were outlined. Chapter 2 above discussed the fundamental principles and rules of the Basel Convention. In Chapters 3 and 4 above, the rules and principles of the existing regional waste management systems were examined, and it was established that the Basel Convention can serve as an umbrella for these systems, forming the ' Basel Convention regime' for transboundary movements of hazardous wastes. In Chapter 5 above, proposals were made for the harmonization of sectoral pollution control treaties with the Basel Convention regime which can lead to the formation of a global regime to address the hazardous waste cycle. Finally, Chapter 6 above proposed ways of ensuring compliance with the rules discussed in the preceding chapters.
This chapter will set out the conclusions of the study, examining in particular the submissions made in Chapter 1 above. Accordingly, the following questions will be addressed.
First, what fundamental principles for the regulation of the hazardous waste cycle can be derived from the legal instruments examined in this work, and to what extent do these principles contribute to the further development of the body of customary law discussed in Chapter 1 above? In particular, to what extent do the legal instruments establish new rules, and to what extent are existing or emerging rules enhanced and confirmed? Which of the rules are relevant to pollution control in general, and which ones specifically address transboundary movements of hazardous wastes as an aspect of pollution source transfer?
Secondly, to what extent do these rules contribute to the formation of a global, holistic and integrated regime for the control of the hazardous waste cycle, as advocated in Chapter 1 above? To what extent do they reflect the emerging concepts discussed in Chapter 1 above?