Born: December 30, 1842, in or near Winchester, Virginia
Status: Died May 15, 1905, in Tallahassee, Florida; buried at Negro Cemetery, Tallahassee, Florida
Education: Briefly attended normal school, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1850s
Position: Impressed into the Confederate army, 1860s; enlisted in the Third Infantry Regiment, United States Colored Troops, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, July, 1863; sawmill worker, Florida, 1865; teacher, Archer, Florida, 1866; delegate, Florida State Constitutional Convention, 1868; state representative, Florida State Assembly, 1868; state senator, Florida State Senate, 1868-1870, 1876-1879; U.S. representative from Florida, 1871-1875; farmer, Alachua County, Florida, 1879-1895; farm supervisor, Florida Normal College (later, Florida A and M University), Tallahassee, Florida, 1895-1905
Josiah Thomas Walls was born a slave in or near Winchester, Virginia, on December 30, 1842. When he was a child, Walls moved to Darkesville, West Virginia. It is not known whether he went to West Virginia of his own free will or was sold by his owner.
At some time, he briefly attended a normal school in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and may have obtained more schooling on his own.