We hold today many preconceived theories or prejudices acquired in another day and another era which must be revised, or revolutionized, if government is to serve intimately the needs of these distressing times. I do not say that we are going to give up any fundamental rights of liberty and pursuit of happiness. But we shall have to re-define some notions of liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Government and organized society need today, if not a new birth, certainly a new concept of their primary duty and fundamental obligation to the citizens whom they serve. At this crisis in the affairs of our Nation it is fundamental that we be not limited by a narrow interpretation of the primary service of government. The philosophy of government as personified and exemplified in Justice Cardoza must supplant strictly legal precedent.
Today everywhere government is under the closest scrutiny. Today uneasy lies the head that wears the crown of responsibility in government--from king to prime minister, to governor, to legislator, and all the way to coroner. Today the average man is doing more serious thinking than at any time since the era of the War Between the States. He is beginning to wonder whether his government has not caved in on him from the top. A great many people are thinking that we are over-fed at the top; they know we are under-fed at the bottom. It is your responsibility and mine to see that government in all its ramifications and services goes back and ties in with old ideas--ideas of which during the past twelve years we have largely lost sight.
May I talk to you for a moment in a broad and somewhat general way about the basis of operations in 1932? For two years we have been beguiled with the hope that prosperity is just around the corner. How many times have you heard it? A condition precedent to the return of prosperity is that we ourselves must come to a realization of the new basis on which business