RESULTS OF CONSOLIDATIONS AND ANNEXATIONS-- THE SUBURBAN VIEWPOINT
As a consequence of consolidations and annexations described in the foregoing chapters, substantial portions of our metropolitan areas have been unified under a single government. An analysis of Table I shows that the metropolitan cities of today cover on the average nearly 20 per cent of the area of their respective metropolitan regions (as the United States bureau of the census has defined them), 80 per cent of their respective metropolitan populations, and somewhat more than 80 per cent of the metropolitan tax resources. Without consolidations and annexations, they would have contained today not more than 1 per cent of the area, 10 per cent of the population, and 40 per cent of the tax resources of their metropolitan districts. The present-day city would have been almost entirely outside the political limits of the central city and would have been divided into a multiplicity of independent political units. The situation would have been very much like that which obtained in London, prior to the creation of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855.1
One of the first activities following consolidation or annexation has been the extension of the city's water supply to new territories which have no supply or one that is inadequate or impure.
This was the case in Chicago following the annexations of 1889. In every district, city water was substituted for local supplies, and local works were scrapped. One hundred thirty- three miles of water mains were laid in the city during the first____________________