CITY-COUNTY SEPARATION AND CONSOLIDATION
|1.||City-County Separation , i. e., the severance of the territory of the city from that of the county. This involves the consolidation of city and county functions within the city limits and the restriction of the county government to the residue of the former county. Usually it has been accompanied by an enlargement of the city limits.|
|2.||City-County Consolidation . Under this scheme the
county territory lying outside the city is attached to the city,
the city and county are made coterminous, and the governments
of the two are, in a large measure if not entirely, consolidated.
No county remnant area remains to constitute a separate, and
perhaps vexatious, problem.|
Indeed, the difference between the above two methods of meeting the city-county problem lies in the different dispositions made of the area lying outside the city limits. With respect to the territory which is in either case consolidated with the city, the effects of the two methods are identical.
|3.||Consolidation of Certain Functions , i. e., the combination of some of the functions of the city and of the county, but without a complete merger of legal or territorial identities. Such functional consolidation may be accomplished irrespective of whether the city and county are coterminous or not.|
Although in two or three cases, to be noted later, a drift towards consolidation of particular functions may be observed,