RESULTS OF CITY-COUNTY SEPARATION AND CONSOLIDATION
In view of the emphasis often placed upon the economies which unification of city and county governments will accomplish, it is appropriate to consider first the financial results which have attended the adoption of the plans described in the two preceding chapters.
The financial consequences of the schemes of city-county separation or consolidation are difficult to trace, for in each instance factors have been present which had little if anything to do with the scheme per se and yet vitally affected the results. In fact, outside influences may have controlled.
In both San Francisco and St. Louis the tax rate and tax levy immediately dropped as follows:
|Tax Rate||Taw Levy|
|Year before||Year after||Year before||Year after|
|adoption of||its adoption||adoption of||its adoption|
|the scheme||the scheme|
|San Francisco1||3.85||2.30||$ 882,000||$ 497,000|
|St. Louis2||3.42 ½||2.80||5,300,000||4,594,000|
The reduction was due, first, to the elimination of the county tax and, in St. Louis, of a park tax of three quarters of a mill (.075 per cent); and second, to the direct tax limitations previously referred to ( San Francisco 1.25 per cent for local purposes other than debt charges.) Not only were the tax rates thus forcibly cut down but assessed valuations were also voluntarily reduced in both cases by the new consolidated governments.3
It would be too much to say, therefore, that these large reductions in taxes were due to economies naturally secured by consolidation of the city and county governments within the city lim____________________