THE DEFENSE OF LIBERTY
CERTAIN aspects of civil liberty in the decade before 1917 are worth noting in conclusion. These include: First, the efforts of certain unpopular minorities struggling for liberty to limit the liberty of other minorities; second, the increased interest in the whole problem of civil liberty; third, the rise of individual libertarians and of organizations devoted to the protection of liberty within the State.
Before 1917 and the common need for many minority groups to resist the war discipline, there was a surprising lack of solidarity among the minority groups themselves. Instead of uniting to defend the principle of liberty, certain elements attacked one another or worked so independently that they gave but little mutual aid. There was small recognition of the need of freedom of thought for everybody. The doctrinaires fought among themselves instead of against common oppression. This was particularly true of the Socialists who sought to prevent the Anarchists from hatching eggs in their nest. For example:
On the occasion of the recent Haywood meeting at the Grand Central Palace ( New York City), some members of the Socialist arrangement committee attempted to prevent our comrades from distributing the leaflet, "To the Unemployed and Homeless," issued by the Anarchist Federation. When persuasions and threats proved futile, the Socialists called the police, insisting especially on the arrest of a young woman who was very active in distributing the leaflets. The police did not appear anxious to