Labor in the Puerto Rican Economy: Postwar Development and Stagnation

By Carlos E. Santiago | Go to book overview

ment process. The first step in alleviating the problem is to adequately identify the target groups. From here, a base is established upon which pervasive and widespread economic development can be achieved.


NOTES
1.
The concept of dualism is often misinterpreted and subject to debate. In this book dualism refers to organizational dualism as used by W. Arthur Lewis and discussed by Ranis and Fei ( 1982), in "Lewis and the Classicists." However, since the focus is on changing labor markets over time, dualism is viewed in a dynamic context wherein increasing dualism refers to nonconvergence between different labor markets over time. Here we are borrowing from the labor economics literature and the distinction between primary and secondary markets (see Doeringer and Piore 1971).
2.
The term "dual-dual" was first used by Erik Thorbecke ( 1965). Subsequent elaborations within a development planning framework are discussed in Pyatt and Thorbecke ( 1976) and Thorbecke ( 1980).
3.
Anderson and Leiserson ( 1980).
4.
Jagdish N. Bhagwati ( 1982).
5.
Harris and Todaro ( 1970).
6.
The International Labour Office has been largely involved in the measurement of urban informal activities, beginning with its early work in Kenya. See Sethuraman ( 1981).
7.
The initial conditions are described in Pyatt and Thorbecke ( 1976), from which Figure 2.1 is obtained.
8.
Theoretical analyses of fixed above equilibrium wages (i.e., minimum wages) have received much attention in the field of labor economics. Among the most noteworthy are Stigler ( 1946), Welch ( 1974), and Mincer ( 1976). The analysis in this chapter follows closely the approach of Mincer because of his emphasis on unemployment effects, which parallels the work on rural-urban migration in the economic development literature.
9.
This expression is due to Mincer ( 1976: S95).
11.
The similarities between the two approaches are particularly evident when comparing Mincer's analysis to that of Todaro ( 1969).
12.
Extensions of Todaro's basic rural-urban migration model can be found in Harris and Todaro ( 1970), Stiglitz ( 1974), and Fields ( 1975).
13.
Mincer ( 1976: S98).

-70-

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Labor in the Puerto Rican Economy: Postwar Development and Stagnation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures and Tables ix
  • Foreword xiii
  • Preface xv
  • Acknowledgments xxi
  • Chapter 1 the Demographics of the Puerto Rican Population and Labor Force Change 1
  • Notes 31
  • Chapter 2 a Model of Labor Markets and Mobility 35
  • Notes 70
  • Chapter 3 Cyclical and Secular Movements in Labor Supply 73
  • Notes 103
  • Chapter 4 Job Creation and Joblessness 105
  • Conclusions 140
  • Appendix 141
  • Notes 143
  • Chapter 5 Prospects for Human Resource Development 149
  • Notes 158
  • References 159
  • Index 171
  • About the Author 175
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